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Archive for the ‘philosophy’ Category

Reality as a Vector in Hilbert Space

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Sean M. Carroll
I defend the extremist position that the fundamental ontology of the world consists of a vector in Hilbert space evolving according to the Schrödinger equation. The laws of physics are determined solely by the energy eigenspectrum of the Hamiltonian. The structure of our observed world, including space and fields living within it, should arise as a higher-level emergent description. I sketch how this might come about, although much work remains to be done.
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Click to access 2103.09780.pdf

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March 18, 2021 at 12:36 pm

Elementary Particles: What are they? Substances, elements and primary matter

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D-M. Cabaret, T. Grandou, G-M. Grange, E. Perrier
The most successful “Standard Model” allows one to define the so-called “Elementary Particles”. Now from another point of view, philosophical, how can we think of them? Which kind of a status can be attributed to Elementary Particles and their associated quantised fields? Beyond the unprecedented efficiency and reach of quantum field theories the current paper attempts at understanding the nature of what we talk about, the enigmatic reality of the quantum world.
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Click to access 2103.05522.pdf

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March 10, 2021 at 8:33 pm

Physics Needs Philosophy. Philosophy Needs Physics

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Carlo Rovelli
Contrary to claims about the irrelevance of philosophy for science, I argue that philosophy has had, and still has, far more influence on physics than is commonly assumed. I maintain that the current anti-philosophical ideology has had damaging effects on the fertility of science. I also suggest that recent important empirical results, such as the detection of the Higgs particle and gravitational waves, and the failure to detect supersymmetry where many expected to find it, question the validity of certain philosophical assumptions common among theoretical physicists, inviting us to engage in a clearer philosophical reflection on scientific method.
Read more at https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1805/1805.10602.pdf

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May 29, 2018 at 9:22 pm

The cosmology of Poe

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May 5, 2017 at 5:59 pm

Nietzsche for physicists

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J. C. S. Neves
One of the most important philosophers in the history, the German Friedrich Nietzsche, is almost ignored by physicists. The author who stated the death of God in 19th century was a science enthusiast, mainly during the second part of his work. With the aid of the physical concept of force, Nietzsche created his concept of will to power. Thinking about the energy conservation, the German philosopher had some inspiration for creating his concept of the eternal recurrence.
In this article, one points out some influences of physics on Nietzsche and discusses the topicality of his epistemological position, the perspectivism. From the concept of will to power, I propose that the perspectivism leads to the interpretation where physics, and science in general, is viewed as a game.
Read more at https://arxiv.org/pdf/1611.08193v1.pdf

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November 29, 2016 at 5:53 pm

Is General Relativity a (partial) Return of Aristotelian Physics?

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Herbert Pietschmann
Aristotle has split physics at the sphere of the moon; above this sphere there is no change except eternal spherical motion, below are two different kinds of motion: Natural motion (without specific cause) and enforced motion. In modern view motion is caused by gravity and by other forces. The split at the sphere of the moon has been definitely overcome through the observation of a supernova and several comets by Tycho Brahe. The second distinction was eradicated by Isaak Newton who showed that gravitational motion was caused by a force proportional to the inverse square of the distance. By the theory of General Relativity, Albert Einstein showed that there is no gravitational force but motion under gravity (i.e. Aristotles ) is caused by the curved geometry of spacetime. In this way, the Aristotelian distinction between natural motion and enforced motion has come back in the form of two great theories: General Relativity and Quantum Field Theory which are today incompatible. To find a way out of this dilemma is the challenge of modern physics.
Read more at https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1604/1604.06491.pdf

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April 25, 2016 at 7:53 am

The Particle Enigma

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wheeler

Wheeler’s “charge without charge” concept where 3-dimensional space is represented as a 2-dimensional hypersurface with a wormhole. The dimension off the surface has no physical meaning. The lines threading the wormhole are the electric field lines. [Adapted from J.A. Wheeler, Phys. Rev. 97, 511 (1955)]

Gerald E. Marsh
The idea that particles are the basic constituents of all matter dates back to ancient times and formed the basis of physical thought well into modern times. The debate about whether light was a wave or a stream of particles also lasted until relatively recently. It was the advent of de Broglie’s work and its implications that revolutionized the concept of an elementary particle — but unfortunately did not banish the idea of a point particle despite its difficulties in both classical and quantum physics. Some of these problems are discussed in this essay, which covers chiral oscillations, Penrose’s “zigzag” picture of particles satisfying the Dirac equation, and some ideas derived from string theory.
… Read more at http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1603/1603.07156.pdf

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March 25, 2016 at 2:23 pm

Physics in 100 Years

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susyFrank Wilczek
Here I indulge in wide-ranging speculations on the shape of physics, and technology closely related to physics, over the next one hundred years.
Themes include the many faces of unification, the re-imagining of quantum theory, and new forms of engineering on small, intermediate, and large scales.
Read more at http://arxiv.org/pdf/1503.07735.pdf

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March 27, 2015 at 8:01 pm