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Nobel Prize in Physics 2011

with 3 comments

(update)

From left to right, Adam Riess, Brian Schmidt and Saul Perlmutter, who have won the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2011 has been awarded to Saul Perlmutter, Brian P Schmidt and Adam G Riess for discovering the accelerating expansion of the universe
……………………………………………………….

Three scientists shared the 2011 Nobel Prize for physics for the stunning discovery that the expansion of the universe is speeding up, meaning it may one day turn to ice, the prize committee said on Tuesday.

Scientists have known since the 1920s that the universe is expanding, as a result of the Big Bang some 14 billion years ago, but the discovery that this process is accelerating — and not slowing as many thought — rocked the research community.

“If the expansion will continue to speed up, the universe will end in ice,” the Nobel committee said in a statement.

Half of the 10 million Swedish crown ($1.5 million) prize money went to American Saul Perlmutter and the rest to two members of a second team which conducted similar work — U.S.-born Brian Schmidt, who is based in Australia, and American Adam Riess.

“We ended up telling the world we have this crazy result, the universe is speeding up,” Schmidt told a news conference by telephone after the award was announced in Stockholm.

“It seemed too crazy to be right and I think we were a little scared,” he added.

Nobel Committee for Physics at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in its statement that the discovery was made by looking at distant, exploding stars.

Instead of their light becoming brighter, it was fading.

“The surprising conclusion was that the expansion of the universe is not slowing down. Quite to the contrary, it is accelerating,” the committee said.

The acceleration is thought to be driven by dark energy, although cosmologists have little idea what that is.

They estimate that dark energy — a kind of inverse gravity, repelling matter that comes close to it — accounts for around three quarters of the universe.

guardian.co.uk – reuters.com

Yes…science.thomsonreuters.com‘s prediction is wrong again!! (anyway… read the commnent below…)

2011 Nobel Prize in Physics will be announced within the hour! Watch the live webcast here


http://youtu.be/DJNM0xEeamY

Written by physicsgg

October 4, 2011 at 10:02 am

3 Responses

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  1. You may like to know that:

    The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to Beutler, Hoffmann, and Steinman

    Beutler and Hoffman were selected as Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates in 2008

    Steinman was chosen as a Thomson Reuters Citation Laureate in 2010

    The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics to Perlmutter, Riess, and Schmidt

    All three were selected as Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates in 2010

    The description of our Nobel prediction efforts can be found here: http://science.thomsonreuters.com/nobel/

    A recent feature in THE carries a nice table that summarizes our choices and successes prior to this year’s Nobel announcements:

    Click to access Nobel%20Prize%20Predictions.pdf

    http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=417523

    You can see the choices above in 2008 and 2010, for Medicine and for Physics, in the table.

    In other words, those we name in a year are not predicted to win the same year. They might, but what we are saying is we expect they may win in this year or in the future. So, those chosen as Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates in the past are still considered by us to be strong contenders.

    David Pendlebury, Thomson Reuters

    D. Pendlebury

    October 4, 2011 at 2:00 pm

  2. In an expanding Universe the inter-galaxy or even inter-star distances, galactic receding velocities and individual redshifts should all increase exponentially with time, which has never been observed or reported. So the universe is NOT expanding! Leave aside accelerated expansion and end of the univrse in ice as an empty space.
    For the nonexpanding universe the higher than expected redshifts, Hubble constants or reductions in luminosity for the Ia type supernovae observed by the two Nobel laureate research teams signify only local effects of increasing mass density and viscosity of the surrounding sharmon medium to increase the viscous losses to deplete the photon energy due to shower bursts of sharmons, photons & particle dust from the exploding supernova and NO general property of the whole universe permeating space or acceleration of the expansion of universe is implied. It may be recalled that the type 1a supernova is an explosion of an old compact star that is as heavy as the Sun but as small as the Earth. A single such supernova can emit as much light as a whole galaxy! The apparently high redshift of the observed 1a type supernovae has led the two research teams to over-estimate the source-distances and also over-rate the expansion and hence wrongly conclude an accelerated expansion of the universe.
    Prof. Rati Ram Sharma, retired Head of Biophysics Dept, PGI, Chandigarh, India, the recipient of 1989-Albert Schweitzer Prize and 1996-nominee for Nobel Prize in Medicine regards the Nobel laureates’ conclusions as fantasy of facts culminating from the unrealistic theories of the 20th century. His Unified Theory heralds a trend towards realistic Physics & Cosmology in a paradigm shift. It was first published in the 1990-book, Unified Physical Theory (COSMO, New Delhi) and updated in the 2002-book: Realistic Foundations of Physics & Cosmology (Abhishek Pub, Chandigarh) and the 2010-book: THE UNIFIED THEORY, A complete paradigm shift in Physics & Cosmology (Lulu, UK/USA) URL: http://www.lulu.com/content/paperback-book/the-unified-theory-a-complete-paradigm-shift-in-physics-cosmology/8347654. A paper has been submittd for publication in Physics Essays.
    The Nobel laureate teams do not clarify the nature of the ‘dark energy’ and its mechanism to cause accelerated expansion. In Unified Theory the imperceptible dark energy comprises the 0-spin sharmons and their aggregates composing the all-composing and all-pervading sharmon medium as the basic substance. It, however cannot cause accelerated expansion.
    Prof. Rati Ram Sharma
    DSc, PhD(London), MD(MA), MSc, MAMS, FIAMP
    Retired Professor & Head, Department of Biophysics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India; Residence: H. No. # 615, Sector 10, Panchkula-134113, India; Phone: 0091-172-2563949;
    email: Prof.RR.Sharma@gmail.com ; website: http://phsicsrevolution.com

    Prof. Rati Ram Sharma

    October 20, 2011 at 5:16 am

  3. I feel this is among the such a lot vital information for me. And i’m happy reading your article. But wanna observation on some basic things, The website style is wonderful, the articles is truly nice : D. Just right process, cheers


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