# Black Hole Entropy is Thermodynamic Entropy

**Carina E. A. Prunkl, Christopher G. Timpson**

The comparison of geometrical properties of black holes with classical thermodynamic variables reveals surprising parallels between the laws of black hole mechanics and the laws of thermodynamics. Since Hawking’s discovery that black holes when coupled to quantum matter fields emit radiation at a temperature proportional to their surface gravity, the idea that black holes are genuine thermodynamic objects with a well-defined thermodynamic entropy has become more and more popular. Surprisingly, arguments that justify this assumption are both sparse and rarely convincing. Most of them rely on an information-theoretic interpretation of entropy, which in itself is a highly debated topic in the philosophy of physics. We discuss some of the pertinent arguments that aim at establishing the identity of black hole surface area (times a constant) and thermodynamic entropy and show why these arguments are not satisfactory. We then present a simple model of a Black Hole Carnot cycle to establish that black hole entropy is genuine thermodynamic entropy which does not require an information-theoretic interpretation.

Read more at https://arxiv.org/pdf/1903.06276.pdf

# Juan Maldacena In Conversation at ICTP

Distinguished physicist Juan Maldacena delivered the 2019 Salam Distinguished Lecture Series, and while he was here he sat down with ICTP scientist Atish Dabholkar to discuss everything from black holes to starting out in physics.

# Foundations of quantum physics

## II. The thermal interpretation

**Arnold Neumaier**

This paper presents the thermal interpretation of quantum physics. The insight from **Part I** of this series that Born’s rule has its limitations – hence cannot be the foundation of quantum physics – opens the way for an alternative interpretation – the thermal interpretation of quantum physics. It gives new foundations that connect quantum physics (including quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, quantum field theory and their applications) to experiment.

Read more at https://arxiv.org/pdf/1902.10779.pdf

# On Future High-Energy Colliders

**Gian Francesco Giudice**

While the LHC physics programme is still in full swing, the preparations for the European Strategy for Particle Physics and the recent release of the FCC Conceptual Design Report bring attention to the future of high-energy physics. How do results from the LHC impact the future of particle physics? Why are new high-energy colliders needed?

Read more at https://arxiv.org/pdf/1902.07964.pdf